Egypt boils over

first_imgThe tension and unrest that arose in Egypt last month after the army ousted democratically elected President Mohamed Morsi exploded this week, with hundreds of people killed as security forces broke up camps of protesters demanding Morsi’s return.The widening violence raised questions about the democratic future of a key American ally and an important partner in Middle East peace efforts, and also cast a shadow over the durability of changes wrought in the 2011 Arab Spring uprisings.To better understand what’s going on in Egypt, Gazette staff writer Alvin Powell spoke with Harvard’s E. Roger Owen, A. J. Meyer Professor of Middle East History Emeritus, about the fighting and about what Egypt’s future might hold.GAZETTE: What is at the roots of the clashes going on in Egypt today?OWEN: Well, I think there are two roots. One is a very long antipathy — or fight to the death — between the army and the Muslim Brothers. Most of the time since the [Gamal Abdel] Nasser revolution of 1952, the army has been involved in putting Muslim Brothers in jail. So there’s no love lost between them.But the other thing is that in any popular revolution in the Arab world at this moment, when you get to elections and constitutions and elections to the Constituent Assembly, the first elections are almost bound to be won by the religious parties, who will then be emboldened to use the constitution to try and shape Egyptian society in ways that they want, but which are resisted by other Egyptians.GAZETTE: Who are the major players involved?OWEN: The army, or an army-backed regime, which would be any of the modern presidents of Egypt — so Gamal Abdel Nasser, Anwar Sadat, Hosni Mubarak, and now General [Abdul Fattah al-] Sisi. And the Brothers are a rather loose organization associated with mosques and so on, but under a supreme guide.GAZETTE: And the deposed president, Mohamed Morsi? Can we call him deposed?OWEN: The Americans refuse to call it a coup. But it was a coup, in which he was clearly deposed and arrested, and nobody quite knows where he is.GAZETTE: What’s your sense as to the likelihood the violence will abate, continue, or worsen?OWEN: I think it will go on. I think the Muslim Brothers are fighting for their lives. They had their moment, and they feel they’ve been unjustly deprived of the fruits of their victory. They’re opening up other fronts already, one of which is attacks on government buildings. Another, unfortunately, is attacks on Christian churches. And a third is, no doubt, a lot of activity in places not under government control, like the Sinai Peninsula or along Egypt’s southern borders.GAZETTE: Was this confrontation inevitable once the army acted to remove Morsi?OWEN: Probably at that stage, but there were plenty of people like [U.S. Sen.] John McCain who felt that the Americans had a great deal of influence over the Egyptian army. They knew these guys very well and provided Egypt with so much military support. I think the significant change is that Sisi was able to use the American intervention to mobilize a kind of Egyptian nationalism or patriotism to say, for once, that we’re not going to be told what to do by the Americans. We will do what we think is in our interest and the country’s interest.GAZETTE: Does this action put the U.S. in a difficult position?OWEN: It does, yes. It shouldn’t, but it does. What happened right at the beginning of the spring was that the American administration, President Obama and the Department of Defense, told the generals not to fire on the demonstrators in Tahrir Square 2½ years ago, in January 2011, and they were obeyed. If it hadn’t been for that, this might have happened then.But this time, Sisi has decided to call the Americans’ bluff. Though the $1.3 billion or $1.5 billion in military aid seems a great deal, it consists of F-16s and Abrams tanks, which the Egyptians can’t use, most of which are in crates. Lots of them aren’t even in Egypt. It’s the prestige of getting weapons from the U.S., but it’s not anything that they can use. The only point of having them is that one day, notionally, they might want to attack Israel or defend themselves against Israel. But nobody in their right mind believes that that’s about to happen.GAZETTE: Can you address the difficulty to the U.S. — after having an Islamist president, democratically elected — in this situation?OWEN: I think the Americans did their best. There is one argument that in a Muslim country, with political Islam, it’s better that it be represented in the political process — properly, as it were, in an inclusive way — than be excluded. It sounds like the American ambassador, Anne Patterson, was pursuing that in association with the Obama administration. They realized there was no point worrying about an “Islamic tide,” because the religious parties are so much better organized that if you want democracy, you also have to have religion, as you do in Tunisia.They made sure by sending messages to Morsi not to do anything like attack Israel or help the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, and in fact he went out of his way to show he wasn’t going to do anything like that. So he was regarded as something like safe by the Obama administration. And so this coup is very upsetting to them that their efforts to encourage democracy in the Middle East have been defeated in this way.GAZETTE: Is there a danger that, whatever future administration comes to power in Egypt, it will be viewed as illegitimate no matter what?OWEN: I think the business of creating a new political order is very difficult. The Arab revolutions of 2011 were big, world revolutions like the French of the late 18th century. You have a revolutionary process in which you destroy one political order and you move to another. So you can look at what’s going on at the moment in two ways. Either you haven’t destroyed the old order at all — the old order has come back, in which case you have to start all over to destroy it — or this is just part of a messy process of accommodation that still has a long way to run until you get a new legitimate order.GAZETTE: Do you come down on one side or another?OWEN: No, what I realize more is what a messy business republican government is. Sovereignty belongs to the people, and the people in a revolution are all over the place jumping around. You want the people to go home [after the fighting] but also to vote for a legitimate — and vote to legitimize — the new order. In this particular case, the people voted, certain people didn’t like the way the people voted, and so you’re bound to have a period of confusion.GAZETTE: Was there a precipitating act that led to Morsi being removed, or has this been coming since the election?OWEN: Most people point to something that happened in a presidential decree in November last year. If you look at the public opinion polls, he had a great deal of support, and then suddenly he didn’t. I think probably significant parts of Egyptian society felt threatened by the fact that the Muslim Brothers were involved, increasingly, in government. I think this business of having Muslim Brother provincial governors was one of the reasons why the army finally intervened. It seemed like they [the Brothers] weren’t just part of the government, but they were taking over the whole government.GAZETTE: Was that the November decree?OWEN: Yes, that’s right.GAZETTE: And did that install people from the Muslim Brothers to head the provinces?OWEN: It led to or encouraged more Muslim Brothers to move into government. The system embraced initially by the Muslim Brothers was supposed to be parliamentary, [under] which, if you follow the English model, the president should be like the queen, and the prime minister should be in charge. What I don’t understand is how the president emerged as strong — or nearly as strong — as his predecessor, Mubarak. And the one thing those in the middle of the Egyptian political spectrum do not want is another strong president like Mubarak. The whole point of this thing was to get rid of a strong president.GAZETTE: What does this tell us about the Arab Spring uprisings?OWEN: I think it’s that the business of establishing a democratic system after a revolution in countries that don’t have a tradition of a system with built-in checks and balances or a built-in tradition of political accommodation is extremely difficult and has failed for the time being in Egypt — but not necessarily in Libya, not necessarily in Tunisia.GAZETTE: So you’re saying this is what happened here, but it doesn’t invalidate what happened that spring?OWEN: No, it doesn’t [invalidate what happened]. I would see the Arab Spring as a revolutionary process, which still has some way to go. I think the big question is: Can you go back? I think there are now some people in Egypt who think you can. You may not want to go back, but it has gone back. My own argument is you actually can’t go back to the old system. You can have a version of the old system, but a very unstable one, because a significant part of the people have been mobilized.GAZETTE: And you can’t take that away from them?OWEN: They’re fighting not to allow you to do it. And you have doughty opponents in the Muslim Brothers, because they’re willing to risk death, it seems.last_img read more

Raiders report card: Grading Jon Gruden’s team after third loss

first_imgCLICK HERE if you are having a problem viewing the photos on a mobile deviceMIAMI — This is the kind of report card you take from the mailbox before your parents find it.The Raiders blew a third consecutive second-half lead, this time a 10-point advantage late in the third quarter than ended in an eight-point loss.Dolphins 28, Raiders 20 was the final score, but the numbers alone hardly tell the story of another Oakland breakdown that has Jon Gruden’s return reaching dangerous levels before …last_img read more

Is Publicly Sharing Your Location Creepy? This App Thinks So

first_imgWhat it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces mike melanson So, should you stop broadcasting your location? I vote no. (And not because I want to stalk you, I swear.) I share my location all the time and for a number of reasons. It enables random and serendipitous connections to occur. I can look back and have all sorts of contextual information as I weave my way through the world. I can plug it all in to services like MemoLane and get a time-ordered snapshot of my own life, as I share it online. And in turn, it gets fed through algorithms and stuffed into features like Foursquare’s latest recommendation service, which looks at where I’ve been and suggests where I may want to go next. And that’s just the first step for what can be done with all of this location information. I also get second hand value from all this public location sharing. I see people’s check-ins on Twitter and can figure out that the coffee shop down the street is the place to be. Tweets can help with a host of scenarios, from public health issues to mysterious explosions in Portland.Of course, I may be a bit overzealous in my location sharing. It’s on, by default, for everything – pictures, check-in services (which are public) and Tweets. Go ahead – download Creepy and enter @rwwmike and you’ll see my recent trips to Palm Springs, CA and Austin, TX. You’ll see my bike ride across town to Golden Gate Park. You’ll see snapshots of food and beer and bikes. This isn’t for everyone. If you have bad relationships with your exes or lawyers coming after you for bills, you might not want to live so publicly. And are we that far off from insurance companies gathering check-in information and using it to calculate your premiums? But that’s what Creepy is about, right? It’s saying “Look, you’re sharing your life on the Internet and really, everyone can see.” The question is, do you care? (And perhaps, far more importantly, should you care?)Creepy is available for Windows and Linux with a Mac version on the way. Tags:#Location#mobile#news#privacy#web Related Posts You might want to file this under the “perhaps this was obvious, but we needed another app to show us” category, but if you check in, Tweet your location and otherwise publicly broadcast your GPS coordinates for all the world to see on the Internet, other people can see where you are.Creepy is a desktop app for Windows and Linux and it’s a stalker’s dream come true. The big question, though, is should you stop sharing? And is it really all that creepy?Last year, all the talk was about PleaseRobMe, a website that simply showed where people were checked in. It did nothing more than a Twitter search for the Foursquare domain, but it brought to attention the idea that whenever you publicly broadcast your location, you also publicly broadcast your absence from home. You know, the place with the valuables.Creepy takes this idea a step further. It takes a couple minutes to gather all the data – which it searches for according to Twitter or Flickr username – before showing a very detailed map of every Tweet, check-in and geo-tagged picture that person has posted to the Internet for months on end. And depending on how a particular piece of information was sent, such as from a smartphone with an accurate GPS signal, the results can be, well…creepy. We’re talking “Yep, I was next to that oak tree in the park when I took that picture” creepy.last_img read more

Wanted: An API for Sharing

first_imgklint finley Tags:#APIs#hack How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees? Related Posts Why You Love Online Quizzescenter_img 7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoid Kassi is a service that enables users to share items, rides, etc. within a community. It’s similar to several other services, such as NeighborGoods, Share Some Sugar and Freecycle. But with so many sharing sites, it’s hard to figure out where to turn. If I wanted to borrow a power drill in Portland, I’d need to search each of these sites individually. In a blog post at Sharable Kassi co-founder Juho Makkonen, proposed a common API that would enable users to search multiple sharing sites at once.“We would have to define an ontology that maps all the resources that can be shared (stuff, skills, space) and their subtypes and properties related to them,” he writes.Makkonen suggests that a site could use the common API to show search results from another site. “For example, if you were searching for a certain tool from NeighborGoods and did not find it, the search would then return results from Share Some Sugar and Freecycle.”Makkonen compares the idea to OpenSocial, but perhaps the Google Product Search data feed is a better model.Either way, as Makkonen points out, it’s not a perfect idea:When actually borrowing the item, the users would still need to sign up for those services. They would not be able to take their data from the original service with them. This data would include feedback received from other users and other information that is vital to facilitate sharing. A person with an excellent reputation as a frequent lender and a trustworthy borrower in NeighborGoods would become a suspicious newbie in Share Some Sugar.Makkonen suggests a distributed data storage system silimar to Diaspora could be used.What do you think – would this be helpful? Anyone already hacking away on something like this?last_img read more

Ranking the difficulty of OSU’s remaining schedule

first_imgIf you’re looking for the comments section, it has moved to our forum, The Chamber. You can go there to comment and holler about these articles, specifically in these threads. You can register for a free account right here and will need one to comment.If you’re wondering why we decided to do this, we wrote about that here. Thank you and cheers! Oklahoma State has one of the nation's toughest schedules the rest of the way (USATSI)Oklahoma State has one of the nation’s toughest schedules the rest of the way (USATSI)First and foremost, I should start by saying last weekend was pure insanity in college football. Big games, upsets, goal posts being torn down by massive crowds of Red Bull infused students… it was amazing.As for myself, I watched everything unfold with a group of friends I was visiting in Dallas. There’s really no substitute for watching big games in unfamiliar territories with fans of different teams.As you can imagine, the bar I was in/the state of Texas was pretty stoked when TCU pulled off the upset against OU. As a lifelong Okie, I should probably be less excited when the Sooners lose…but I was right there celebrating with strangers in Horned Frog t-shirts. It was during this activity that I was shaken to my core.At a table across the bar sat an older couple—probably both in their 60s, just taking in the excitement of a massive win. I approached this seemingly harmless duo with a smile on my face, excitedly telling them, “I went to Oklahoma State and I just want to say thank you for what just happened!” I was sincere in my appreciation, yet entirely unprepared for what followed.Without skipping a beat, the older gentlemen looked me in the eye and said, “Talk to me in two weeks and let’s see how you feel about us then.”I’m serious. He said that to me.I pride myself on my wit, okay? I’m typically ready for just about anything. But in this moment, in a random bar in Dallas, an old man in a purple shirt caught me completely off guard and ruined me. Took me to the old school and gave me an education. I returned to Oklahoma a broken man.But with his advice in mind, I began thinking about the seven games left on our schedule and decided to rank them based on the expected difficulty level.While I only wish I could revisit that situation (I’ve come up with 8,348 comebacks I should have said), the only level of revenge I can have here is knowing I’m not most worried about TCU.So take that.7. Kansas: This weekend at KansasKansas is 2-3 so far and strikes about as much fear into my heart as a kitten. I refuse to fear a team with Montell Cozart at QB. (Don’t make me regret such a strong stance, Cowboys)6: Texas: Nov. 15 at BPSVince Young’s not walking through that door. Colt McCoy’s not walking through that door. Mack Brown’s not walking through that door…5. West Virginia: Oct. 25 at BPSThis is clearly one of those games we should start worrying about, as West Virginia played OU and Alabama incredibly well. Really just glad this game is at home, and hopefully the team is still upset about last season.Because I am.4. Kansas State: Nov. 1 at Kansas StateWe’ve jumped them in the polls, but this is a terrifying game to play in Manhattan. Looked all over for a silver lining…luckily found this one: They only beat Iowa State by four points. Take what you can get.3. TCU: Oct. 18 at TCUI don’t know if I actually fear TCU more than K-State, or if the old man is still in my head. Regardless, this is a top 10 team and Trevone Boykin is apparently the real deal. Worried about what he can do with his feet against the Cowboy defense.2. Baylor: Nov. 22 at BaylorThings I don’t want to do: Go to the dentist, go grocery shopping, go to Waco to play the Bears. Something tells me they’re still upset about last season…but last season gives me hope, as well.1. OU: Dec. 6 at OUI get that OU lost to TCU and now everyone knows it’s possible…but this is a really good OU football team. To make matters worse, we have to travel to Norman to attempt the upset bid.I’m putting my eggs in the “Have Boone Pickens offer Katy Perry a large amount of money to ruin Trevor Knight’s life” basket. But we could also beat them straight up, sure.That works too.Totally Tickets is your source for Oklahoma State football tickets.last_img read more

Videos: Louisville Owned SportsCenter’s Top 10 Plays After Dominating Syracuse

first_imgDonovan Mitchell throws down dunk against Syracuse..Twitter/@theACCDNMidway through the second half of Wednesday night’s 72-58 home win over Syracuse, the Louisville Cardinals were doing whatever they wanted on offense. The dominant display was heavily featured on SportsCenter this morning, where the Cardinals had three of the Top 10 plays of the day.First up, at No. 7, this beautiful behind-the-back assist by Chinanu Onuaku.Nanu droppin’ dimes. pic.twitter.com/7MFnoY0qRb— LouisvilleSportsLive (@LvilleSprtsLive) February 18, 2016Next, at No. 4, another Onuaku assist—this time to Jaylen Johnson for a powerful alley-oop.It’s like Louisville found a “if you make the other team cry they have to let you play in the tournament” loophole pic.twitter.com/m4kMWmXva4— Mike Rutherford (@CardChronicle) February 18, 2016And finally, Louisville took home the top play, with this ferocious alley-oop from Damion Lee to Donovan Mitchell.If you look close enough, you can see a smile on Donovan Mitchell’s face as he slams this one home for @GoCards!https://t.co/xlTSYEXZ08— ACC Digital Network (@theACCDN) February 18, 2016That one was just mean. Mitchell liked it so much, he made it the header photo for his Twitter profile. donovan mitchell twitterIt’s been a rough few weeks for the Cardinals. Last night’s big win had to be pretty cathartic.last_img read more

STARTERS ORDERS Tuesday

first_img[dropcap]W[/dropcap]elcome to Starters Orders. Our daily midday update from the trading room at Star Sports with our key market movers for the day across all sports.Tuesday 28 February HORSE RACINGCLICK HERE FOR OUR CHELTENHAM 2017 ANTEPOST PRICES3.00 LingfieldSennockian Star 7/2 > 5/23.10 TowcesterToby Lerone 7/2 > 5/24.00Pinwood 7/2 > 5/2 Light Of Air 7/1 > 9/24.40 LeicesterThe Highlander 6/5 > 4/5LIVE FOOTBALLScottish Premiership19:45 BT Sport 1 / BT Sport 1 HD6/1 Hamilton Academical 1/2 Aberdeen 3/1 DRAWChampionship19:45 Sky Sports 1 / Sky Sports 1 HD6/4 Brighton & Hove Albion 21/10 Newcastle United 11/5 DRAWBET WITH STAR SPORTS 08000 521 321last_img read more