This is how much £1k invested in a FTSE 100 tracker 10 years ago would be worth now I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Peter Stephens | Friday, 31st January, 2020 | More on: ^FTSE Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Peter Stephens has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Image source: Getty Images. Investing in the FTSE 100 a decade ago could have been seen as a risky move by many investors. The index was trading at around 5,200 points after what had been one of the most challenging periods in its history.The financial crisis had caused the index to halve compared to its 2007 peak. Although it had delivered a strong recovery in the months following this decline, the prospects for the global economy continued to be highly uncertain in 2010.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Despite this, the index has gone on to deliver a 46% capital return since then. This works out as an annualised return of 3.8%. When dividends are added to this figure, the total return is over 8% per annum. As such, investing £1k or any other amount in a FTSE 100 tracker fund 10 years ago would have been a shrewd move, with it now likely to be worth around £2,150.Market cyclicalityWhile many investors would have felt nervous about buying FTSE 100 shares in 2010 due to the difficulties posed by the financial crisis, the track record of the index shows that it has always recovered from its downturns to post new record highs. Examples include the 1987 crash, as well as the bursting of the tech bubble. Therefore, while the financial crisis was a deeper and larger crisis than the FTSE 100 had perhaps ever seen before, the index ultimately recovered within a matter of years.This highlights the cyclicality of the index, and why it can pay to buy large-cap shares while they trade on low valuations. They can provide you with a more favourable risk/reward ratio which ultimately leads to higher returns in the long run.FTSE 100 outlookWhile buying shares today may not seem as risky as it did a decade ago, a number of challenges could be ahead for investors. They include the ongoing trade war between the US and China, Brexit negotiations and geopolitical risks in the Middle East. Any one of these risks, as well as a range of other threats, could derail the FTSE 100’s current bull run.As such, investors seem to have factored in many of the risks faced by the index. It offers a dividend yield in excess of 4% despite experiencing strong growth since its post-financial crisis lows, while many of the index’s members trade on lower valuations than their historic averages. This may mean that now is a good time to buy a tracker fund, with the index offering long-term growth potential.Beating the marketFor investors who wish to try and beat the FTSE 100’s performance, a number of sectors such as banking, retail, industrials and energy appear to offer wide margins of safety. Buying high-quality companies at low prices could enable you to generate even higher returns than the index in the long run. With it being cheaper than ever to build a diverse portfolio and the index appearing to offer good value for money, now could be a good time to buy stocks – just as it was a decade ago. Enter Your Email Address See all posts by Peter Stephens Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge!
Please enter your name here From The Associated PressFord is recalling nearly 1.9 million vehicles with certain Takata passenger-side air bags. This is on top of the existing massive Takata air bag recall.The vehicles affected have inflators that Takata found to be defective. Ford said there have been no reports of injuries. Dealers will replace the air bag inflators at no cost to drivers.If you want to know if your vehicle is part of the recall, visit Ford’s website and enter your car’s VIN.Recalled vehicles:The following models built in North America are part of the recall.2007-2010 Ford Edge2006-2011 Ford Fusion2005-2011 Ford Mustang2007-2011 Ford Ranger2007-2010 Lincoln MKX2006-2011 Lincoln MKZ, Zephyr, Mercury Milan2005-2006 Ford GT Please enter your comment! Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter TAGSFordRecalls Previous articleLife After Sudden DeathNext articleThe Richard Anderson Saga – A Timeline Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate The Anatomy of Fear Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
Please enter your comment! Please enter your name here Back injuries are the most common golf injuryFrom Florida Hospital – Apopka Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. TAGSFlorida Hospital – Apopkagolf Previous articleApopka franchise ranked 6th in the countryNext articleA race on the turnpike ends in high speed crash Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Even if you’re not teed up to win the PGA Tour, you might be serious about improving your golf game. If your swing isn’t what it used to be – and you’re feeling a few more back twinges than steady grooves – read on.Our Q&A with Kaci Jacobs, TPI Certified Physical Therapist at Florida Hospital’s Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation program, offers some expert advice on how to turn your aching swing – and body- into a balanced one.What is the most common golf injury?“You can have a lot of different injuries from playing golf, but back pain is the most common,” says Jacobs. From pros to rookies, back pain can creep up on any golfer, and Jacobs explains why.“Swinging a golf club requires a significant rotation of the spine,” she says. Jacobs points out two main problems: limited range of motion and over rotation. “Limited range of motion in the thoracic spine area restricts the ability of your hips to disassociate from your spine when you swing,” she adds. To give you the power, different parts of your body are forced to overwork. Other golfers may over swing, rotating the spine too much. This can lead to back strains.Back pain could be a symptom of several different problems, from muscle strain, to arthritis, to spine issues and even stress fractures. A trained physical therapist can perform an evaluation to assess these injuries for whether they need a physical therapy treatment plan.How can you tell if it’s just a twinge or something more?Photo by Courtney Cook on UnsplashIf you blaze through 18 holes and feel a little soreness or tightness, it’s probably just your muscles talking back at you. If, on the other hand, you feel sharp pains, restricted range of motion, or there’s a constant pain that isn’t going away after some rest, you should get that checked out, advises Jacobs.“A week’s time is a good threshold- If your pain is not going away after a week, or it is interfering with your everyday activities, you should have an exam by a trained medical professional,” she adds. Outcomes – for your health and your game – are generally better if you get issues addressed early and don’t let them fester.How does treating golf injuries help your game?“When I see a golfer for the first time, I ask what his or her goals are,” says Jacobs. Some might say that they want more power in their backswing, others might just want to shake the pain. Whatever the goal, Jacobs works with a team, including golf coaches, athletic trainers and other physical therapists, to help the golfer achieve it.“I do a thorough screening process that looks at the golfer’s mobility and strength throughout his or her entire body- the neck, shoulders, back, hips, knees, feet, hands, and spine all play a part in a golfer’s swing,” she states.With her golf analysis, Jacobs video records a golfer hitting a couple of golf clubs. She then puts the video into an app that helps her analyze the golfer’s swing and body mechanics. If she sees a deviation in a golfer’s swing, she’s also likely to find limited mobility in one area and overcompensation in another. From here, Jacobs makes a tailored treatment plan to strengthen weak muscles and gain optimal flexibility in others for a more balanced swing.What is something people would be surprised to know about golf injuries?There isn’t one right way to swing a club, but there is a right way to maneuver a buggy and carry your clubs. Jacobs says that golfers should push – not pull – the buggy to prevent injuries. “Pulling the buggy rotates the spine, which can strain it; you prevent this if you push the buggy in front of you,” she remarks.Another helpful tip from Jacobs: “Throughout the day, carry your clubs equally on both sides of your body.” Those clubs aren’t light- switch sides from hole to hole to more evenly distribute the weight of your clubs. The last thing that you want is a sore back or shoulder from just carrying your clubs alone.What’s the best way to prevent golf injuries?The best way to prevent injuries is to know your body and what it needs. Jacobs advises golfers to stretch, strengthen and warm up before playing. Warming up helps prepare your muscles and joints to perform. Focus on the neck, shoulders, back, legs, wrists and knees. She also suggests setting realistic expectations for your performance based on changing factors like your age, fitness level and training.Jacobs offers another great tip for injury prevention: “Getting an evaluation from a TPI Certified physical therapist before you have injuries can identify any potential “weak zones” and give you a plan to strengthen them so your body mechanics are balanced and strong.”Don’t wait to seek help until your swing is aching- take a proactive approach by teeing yourself up for and stronger golf game, and most importantly, a stronger you. You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply The Anatomy of Fear Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate
CopyHouses•Nagoya, Japan Photographs: Koji Fujii / Nacasa & Partners Inc. Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/793459/nagoya-courthouse-takeshi-hosaka-architects Clipboard “COPY” Manufacturers: AEG, Lixil Corporation, MORI NO MADO Nagoya Courthouse / Takeshi Hosaka ArchitectsSave this projectSaveNagoya Courthouse / Takeshi Hosaka Architects ArchDaily Save this picture!© Koji Fujii / Nacasa & Partners Inc.+ 52Curated by Fernanda Castro Share Projects Photographs Japan Area: 470 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: Nagoya Courthouse / Takeshi Hosaka Architects Nawakenji-M, Kenji Nawa Structural Engineers: “COPY” Architects: Takeshi Hosaka Architects Area Area of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/793459/nagoya-courthouse-takeshi-hosaka-architects Clipboard Client:Keisuke NoguchiSite:470.60 sqmBuilding Area:233.84 sqmFloor Area Ratio:187.67 sqmCity:NagoyaCountry:JapanMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Koji Fujii / Nacasa & Partners Inc.Recommended ProductsDoorsC.R. LaurenceCRL-U.S. Aluminum Entice Series Entrance SystemWindowsSolarluxSliding Window – CeroWoodEGGERLaminatesWindowspanoramah!®ah!38 – FlexibilityText description provided by the architects. The site is located approximately 1 km west of Nagoya castle and in the neighborhood there are 2 story houses as well as high rise apartments over 10 stories high. Summer in Nagoya is very hot. When a downpour occurs water can rise over 50 cm above street level. Taking these matters into account we have designed a serene and comfortable house for a family of three (husband/wife and child).Save this picture!© Koji Fujii / Nacasa & Partners Inc.Save this picture!PlanSave this picture!© Koji Fujii / Nacasa & Partners Inc.Taking advantage of the large site we have designed a single level court house surrounding a courtyard garden. However if we make it just a court house the outline of the sky is too distinct and from the surrounding high rise apartments you are able to see inside therefore we had the line of the glass facing the courtyard and the line of the roof cave in and protrude and the line of the glass, eaves and dirt floor intersect at the inside/outside boundary in a plane format. In this way it becomes an architectural style where the outside dirt floor with a roof, outside dirt floor without a roof, outside vegetable garden, all dirt floors inside and each area facing the inside glass come together side by side near the inside/outside boundary. This diverse area as well as having a role of controlling the line of sight and shutting out direct sunlight in summer it creates a living space where inside, half outside and outside produce a variety of living scenes.Save this picture!© Koji Fujii / Nacasa & Partners Inc.The height of the floor is made 75cm higher than the front street for safety measure in case of a downpour. We have used diatom earth for the inside wall as much as possible so that you can feel the naturalness of the dirt. The outer wall was created with plane lines of roughness and planted a tree in the small outer garden so that you will be able to see the leaves outside form the small window. In addition, due to the window at the courtyard side and the small window at the small outer garden side the whole house has natural air flowing through thereby making it livable even in the hot summer of Nagoya.Save this picture!© Koji Fujii / Nacasa & Partners Inc.The footpath made of earth mortar in the garden courtyard creates a shortcut access path and both inside and outside were planned to play a main role with daily life, vegetable garden life and garden life coming together. Note: This project was originally published on 17 August 2016Save this picture!© Koji Fujii / Nacasa & Partners Inc.Project gallerySee allShow lessWrapped Volumes Sales Pavilion / The BAD StudioSelected ProjectsHouse for a Daughter / Khuon StudioSelected Projects Share Houses 2014 CopyAbout this officeTakeshi Hosaka ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesNagoyaIcebergJapanPublished on February 18, 2020Cite: “Nagoya Courthouse / Takeshi Hosaka Architects” 17 Feb 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021.
About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 20 June 2006 | News Business leaders fail to pay up to Sharon Stone’s appeal AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis 16 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Tagged with: Major gift Recruitment / people Actress Sharon Stone has criticised business leaders who publicly pledged large sums to help fight malaria but have yet to pay up after 18 months.Ms Stone persuaded the business leaders at the World Economic Forum 18 months ago to make personal donations to fund mosquito nets in malarial regions. She pledged $10,000 herself and received promises totalling $1 million on the day following her impromptu and impassioned call for action.So far only $250,000 has been paid. According to the San Francisco Chronicle “she’s furious after hearing the United Nations Children’s Fund has been forced to make up the shortfall with its own funds.” Advertisement
April 28, 2021 Find out more MexicoAmericas Enrique Zamora Cruz, the editor of the Chiapas-based newspaper El Orbe, was finally released at around 3 a.m. on 28 October, after being held incommunicado for 12 hours.He was only notified of the charges against him at around 11 p.m. on 27 October, nine hours after he was arrested. He was interrogated for nearly 11 hours about this intentions towards Chiapas state governor Pablo Salazar Mendiguchía.The police repeatedly questioned him about an El Orbe article headlined “Pablo for how much longer,” that questioned the use of resources from a Natural Disaster Fund. They asked him what interest he had in discrediting the governor, whether he was trying to stir up an uprising against the governor by the people of Chiapas, and whether he was trying to eliminate the governor. He was filmed throughout the interrogation.The Chiapas bar association has meanwhile filed a formal request with the federal parliament calling for Salazar to be tried for abuse of authority.________________________________________________________________________28.10.05 – Chiapas state authorities harass regional daily over hurricane relief coverageReporters Without Borders today condemned the arrest of Enrique Zamora Cruz, the editor of the regional daily El Orbe, on a libel charge yesterday in Tapachula, in the southern state of Chiapas, as well as attempts to intimidate two of his reporters, Alvaro Islas Hernández and Roberto Corado Mosqueda, and his editorial writer, Ángel Mario Ksheratto.“We demand that Zamora get a fair trial,” the press freedom organisation said, regretting that the Chiapas state authorities had decided yet again to attack the news media and that press offences are punishable by up to nine years in prison in Chiapas.“We also call for his release while awaiting trial,” Reporters Without Borders added. “The authorities have dared to say he has not been detained and is simply being questioned, but he has already spent a night in the prosecutor’s office.”Zamora was arrested yesterday by two officials from the Chiapas state prosecutor’s office and was taken to its “coastal zone” branch for questioning. The Chiapas state government’s spokesman later issued a statement saying Zamora was being questioned in connection with a libel complaint brought by the state government.A report in El Orbe today said the complaint stemmed from its coverage of local government mistreatment of Hurricane Stan victims and the alleged embezzlement by public health officials of funds earmarked for the victims, as well as its demands that mayor Ángel Barrios Zea should be investigated.Islas and Corado were arrested by state investigators a few hours after Zamora’s arrest. The investigators searched their cars and questioned them before letting them go. Ksheratto, who also writes columns for the daily Cuarto Poder, was detained on 12 October and then released without any explanation after two hours. He was previously arrested on 9 January 2003 on a libel charge and is currently free on bail after paying a fine of 63,000 pesos (4,700 euros). May 13, 2021 Find out more RSF_en May 5, 2021 Find out more to go further Organisation Reports 2011-2020: A study of journalist murders in Latin America confirms the importance of strengthening protection policies News News Follow the news on Mexico Reporters Without Borders is concerned about the arrest of Enrique Zamora Cruz, the editor of the regional daily El Orbe, on a libel charge yesterday in Tapachula, in the southern state of Chiapas. Zamora is still being held. The organisation also condemns attempts to intimidate two of his reporters, Alvaro Islas Hernández and Roberto Corado Mosqueda, and his editorial writer, Ángel Mario Ksheratto. News Help by sharing this information Receive email alerts November 2, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Chiapas police release El Orbe editor after holding him for 12 hours MexicoAmericas NSO Group hasn’t kept its promises on human rights, RSF and other NGOs say Reporter murdered in northwestern Mexico’s Sonora state
AfghanistanAsia – Pacific AfghanistanAsia – Pacific RSF asks International Criminal Court to investigate murders of journalists in Afghanistan February 28, 2008 – Updated on January 20, 2016 US military accuses Afghan reporter of being “enemy combatant” RSF_en News Organisation News Follow the news on Afghanistan News to go further June 2, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts Afghanistan : “No just and lasting peace in Afghanistan without guarantees for press freedom” Help by sharing this information Situation getting more critical for Afghan women journalists, report says Reporters Without Borders voiced concern today at the US military’s designation of Jawed Ahmad, a young Afghan journalist employed by the Canadian television network CTV, as an “enemy combatant”.”If the US military is going to make this kind of accusation, it should be based on material evidence and not just the findings of a mysterious panel of interrogators”, the press freedom organisation said. “We once again fear that the US military is confusing journalistic work with spying for the Taliban”.Maj. Chris Belcher, a spokesman for the US military in Afghanistan, yesterday told reporters that Ahmad “was allowed to make a statement before an enemy combatant review board, which determined there was credible information to detain him because he was dangerous to foreign troops and the Afghan government”.Belcher added: “As an unlawful enemy combatant, he posed a threat to coalition forces and the government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Mr. Ahmad was in no way targeted because of his work as a journalist.”A US defence department spokesman told Reporters Without Borders that Ahmad’s case would be reviewed regularly but he refused to offer any details about reasons for his detention at Bagram military base, 50 km north of Kabul. News May 3, 2021 Find out more March 11, 2021 Find out more
0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it First Heatwave Expected Next Week More Cool Stuff Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Subscribe Business News EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday HerbeautyCreative Ways To Burn Calories That Require Little EffortHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThese Are 15 Great Style Tips From Asian WomenHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Fashion Trends You Should Never Try And 6 You’ll LoveHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWhat’s Your Zodiac Flower Sign?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWhat Is It That Actually Makes French Women So Admirable?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyBollywood Star Transformations: 10 Year ChallengeHerbeautyHerbeauty Community News Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy A Pasadena neighborhood association is urging its members to go to the City Council meeting Monday night and speak out against a proposed resolution that will change the way the city spends money on city parks.The Downtown Pasadena Neighborhood Association (DPNA), composed primarily of residents in Pasadena’s Central District, does not believe the new method will correct a perceived disparity in fund distribution.The new resolution, recommended by the Recreation and Park Commission and scheduled for possible approval by the City Council Monday night, will change the distribution scheme for funds from Residential Impact Fees (RIF), collected from new residential development projects in Pasadena.If approved, the new method would allow 20 percent of each fee collected to be placed in a reserve that can fund projects in any of the city’s park districts and allow for 100 percent of the entire available RIF Fund balance to be used for park acquisition and projects of citywide significance.Currently, the distribution of the RIF funds is 90 percent to the park district in which the fee was collected, and 10 percent to the citywide parks.DPNA says the new method of distribution proposed to the City Council needs to be completely abandoned and not simply reformed, because it does nothing to improve on the current 3-district method that the group has complained about within the last two years.“These proposed changes are aggravating to the DPNA, since we’ve been sounding the walkable nexus issue since 2012, and in light of our recent (hard fought) expansion of how these funds can be used – expanding application to plazas, pocket parks and other urban amenities.The proposed changes, DPNA said, do not guarantee or even mention a proximity nexus – a provision that ensures parks shall be within walking distance of the people that are paying the fees.The group says many of the new parks built with funds from the RIF are not being built in the downtown area.“The majority of downtown residents – 12,000 to 16,000 estimated – live more than one-fourth mile from a park, and many of those – between 8,000 and 12,000 – live more than one-half mile from the closest park,” DPNA said.During Fiscal Years 2010 to 2014, the city has collected a total of $11,301,507 in Residential Impact Fees. As of June 30, 2015, the RIF fund has an unaudited balance of $9,577,595.Downtown Pasadena Neighborhood Association (DPNA), 585 E. Colorado Blvd., Pasadena, (626) 539-3762 or visit downtownpasadena.wordpress.com. Top of the News Make a comment Community News faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Donald CommunityPCC- COMMUNITYVirtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Community News Neighborhood Group Urges Members to Oppose Resolution on City Council Agenda From STAFF REPORTS Published on Monday, September 28, 2015 | 8:20 pm Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website
Meesia uliginosa Hedw. and the family Meesiaceae are recorded for the first time in the Antarctic. The species is occasional on Joinville and James Ross Islands near the Trinity Peninsula, on Signy Island in the South Orkney Islands and on Livingston and Robert Islands in the South Shetland Islands, whereas on King George Island, in the latter archipelago, it is locally frequent. The Antarctic plants are briefly described and illustrated and the local distribution of the species on King George Island and in the maritime Antarctic is mapped. The ecological requirements of M. uliginosa in Antarctica are described in detail and the global geographical distribution of the species is reviewed. Ceratodon kinggeorgicus Kanda, a species originally described from King George Island, is considered to be conspecific with M. uliginosa.
Climate variability has strong effects on marine ecosystems, with repercussions that range in scale from those that impact individuals to those that impact the entire food web. Climate-induced changes in the abundance of species in lower trophic levels can cascade up to apex predators by depressing vital rates. However, the characteristics and predictability of predator demographic responses remain largely unexplored. We investigated the detectability, limits, and nonlinearity of changes in Antarctic fur seal pup production at South Georgia over a 20-year period in response to environmental autocorrelation created by global climate perturbations; these were identified in time series of monthly averaged sea surface temperature (SST). Environmental autocorrelation at South Georgia was evident with frequent SST anomalies between 1990 and 1999, during a decade of warm background (time-averaged) conditions. SST anomalies were preceded by, and cross-correlated with, frequent El Niño-La Niña events between 1987 and 1998, which was also a decade of warm background conditions in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Nonlinear mixed-effects models indicated that positive anomalies at South Georgia explained extreme reductions in Antarctic fur seal pup production over 20 years of study. Simulated environmental time series suggested that the effect of anomalies on Antarctic fur seals was only detectable within a narrow range of positive SST, regardless of the distribution, variance, and autocorrelation structure in SST; this explained the observed nonlinearity in responses in pup production, which were observed only under persistent high SST levels. Such anomalies at South Georgia were likely associated with low availability of prey, largely krill, which affected Antarctic fur seal females over time scales longer than their breeding cycle. Reductions in Antarctic fur seal pup production could thus be predicted in advance by the detection of large-scale anomalies, which appeared to be driven by trends in global climate perturbation.